AskDefine | Define pacific

Dictionary Definition

pacific adj
1 promoting peace; "the result of this pacific policy was that no troops were called up"
2 relating to or bordering the Pacific Ocean; "Pacific islands"
3 disposed to peace or of a peaceful nature; "the pacific temper seeks to settle disputes on grounds of justice rather than by force"; "a quiet and peaceable person"; "in a peaceable and orderly manner" [syn: peaceable] n : the largest ocean in the world [syn: Pacific Ocean]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From pācificus "peace-making"

Proper noun

  1. The Pacific Ocean.

Extensive Definition

The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, "peaceful sea", bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic in the north to Antarctica in the south, bounded by Asia and Australia on the west and the Americas on the east. At 169.2 million square kilometers (65.3 million square miles) in area, this largest division of the World Ocean – and, in turn, the hydrosphere – covers about 46% of the Earth's water surface and about 32% of its total surface area, making it larger than all of the Earth's land area combined. The equator subdivides it into the North Pacific Ocean and South Pacific Ocean. The Mariana Trench in the western North Pacific is the deepest point in the Pacific and the world, reaching a depth of 10,911 metres (35,798 ft).

Overview

The ocean encompasses almost a third of the Earth's surface, having an area of 179.7 million square kilometres (69.4 million sq mi and 161 million cubic mi) —significantly larger than Earth's entire landmass, with room for another Africa to spare. Extending approximately 15,500 kilometres (9,600  mi) from the Bering Sea in the Arctic to the icy margins of Antarctica's Ross Sea in the south (although the Antarctic regions of the Pacific are sometimes described as part of the circumpolar Southern Ocean), the Pacific reaches its greatest east-west width at about 5°N latitude, where it stretches approximately 19,800 kilometres (12,300 mi) from Indonesia to the coast of Colombia and Peru - halfway across the world, and more than five times the diameter of the Moon. The western limit of the ocean is often placed at the Strait of Malacca. The lowest point on earth—the Mariana Trench—lies 10,911 meters (35,797 ft) below sea level. Its average depth is 4,280 metres (14,000 ft)
Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is a term used to describe human-created waste that has found itself floating in a lake, sea, ocean or waterway. Oceanic debris tends to accumulate at the centre of gyres and coastlines, frequently washing aground where it is known as beach litter.

References

Further reading

Based on public domain text from US Naval Oceanographer
  • Oceanographic Atlas of the Pacific Ocean
  • Blue Horizons: Paradise Isles of the Pacific
  • Lost Paradise: The Exploration of the Pacific
  • Development and Social Change in the Pacific Islands
  • Charting the Vast Pacific
  • Ocean of Destiny: A Concise History of the North Pacific, 1500-1978
  • Pacific Voyages
  • The Pacific Islands
  • Pacific Nations and Territories: The Islands of Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia
  • The Greatest Depths: Probing the Seas to
  • Paradise Found and Lost
  • Prehistory in the Pacific Islands: A Study of Variation in Language, Customs, and Human Biology

External links

pacific in Afrikaans: Stille Oseaan
pacific in Old English (ca. 450-1100): Stillehæf
pacific in Arabic: المحيط الهادي
pacific in Aragonese: Ozián Pazifico
pacific in Franco-Provençal: Ocèan Pacefico
pacific in Asturian: Océanu Pacíficu
pacific in Azerbaijani: Sakit okean
pacific in Bengali: প্রশান্ত মহাসাগর
pacific in Min Nan: Thài-pêng-iûⁿ
pacific in Belarusian: Ціхі акіян
pacific in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Ціхі акіян
pacific in Central Bicolano: Kadagatan Pacifico
pacific in Bislama: Pasifik
pacific in Bavarian: Pazifische Ozean
pacific in Bosnian: Tihi okean
pacific in Breton: Meurvor Habask
pacific in Bulgarian: Тихи океан
pacific in Catalan: Oceà Pacífic
pacific in Chuvash: Лăпкă океан
pacific in Cebuano: Kadagatang Pasipiko
pacific in Czech: Tichý oceán
pacific in Welsh: Y Cefnfor Tawel
pacific in Danish: Stillehavet
pacific in German: Pazifischer Ozean
pacific in Estonian: Vaikne ookean
pacific in Modern Greek (1453-): Ειρηνικός Ωκεανός
pacific in Spanish: Océano Pacífico
pacific in Esperanto: Pacifika Oceano
pacific in Basque: Ozeano Barea
pacific in Extremaduran: Océanu Pacíficu
pacific in Persian: اقیانوس آرام
pacific in Faroese: Kyrrahav
pacific in French: Océan Pacifique
pacific in Western Frisian: Stille Oseaan
pacific in Irish: An tAigéan Ciúin
pacific in Gan Chinese: 太平洋
pacific in Scottish Gaelic: Cuan Sèimh
pacific in Galician: Océano Pacífico
pacific in Gujarati: પ્રશાંત મહાસાગર
pacific in Classical Chinese: 太平洋
pacific in Hakka Chinese: Thai-phìn-yòng
pacific in Korean: 태평양
pacific in Armenian: Խաղաղ Օվկիանոս
pacific in Hindi: प्रशान्त महासागर
pacific in Upper Sorbian: Ćichi ocean
pacific in Croatian: Tihi ocean
pacific in Ido: Oceano Pacifiko
pacific in Igbo: Pacific Ocean
pacific in Iloko: Taaw Pacifico
pacific in Indonesian: Samudra Pasifik
pacific in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Oceano Pacific
pacific in Icelandic: Kyrrahaf
pacific in Italian: Oceano Pacifico
pacific in Hebrew: האוקיינוס השקט
pacific in Javanese: Samudra Pasifik
pacific in Pampanga: Pacific Ocean
pacific in Kannada: ಪೆಸಿಫಿಕ್ ಮಹಾಸಾಗರ
pacific in Georgian: წყნარი ოკეანე
pacific in Cornish: Keynvor Hebask
pacific in Swahili (macrolanguage): Pasifiki
pacific in Haitian: Pasifik
pacific in Kurdish: Okyanûsa Mezin
pacific in Latin: Oceanus Pacificus
pacific in Latvian: Klusais okeāns
pacific in Lithuanian: Ramusis vandenynas
pacific in Ligurian: Oçeano Paciffigo
pacific in Lojban: pasifik. braxamsi
pacific in Hungarian: Csendes-óceán
pacific in Macedonian: Тихи Океан
pacific in Malayalam: ശാന്തസമുദ്രം
pacific in Maltese: Oċean Paċifiku
pacific in Maori: Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa
pacific in Marathi: प्रशांत महासागर
pacific in Malay (macrolanguage): Lautan Pasifik
pacific in Mongolian: Номхон Далай
nah:Ilhuicaātl Pacífico
pacific in Dutch: Grote Oceaan
pacific in Newari: प्रशान्त महासागर
pacific in Japanese: 太平洋
pacific in Norwegian: Stillehavet
pacific in Norwegian Nynorsk: Stillehavet
pacific in Occitan (post 1500): Ocean Pacific
pacific in Uzbek: Tinch okeani
pacific in Low German: Pazifische Ozean
pacific in Polish: Ocean Spokojny
pacific in Portuguese: Oceano Pacífico
pacific in Crimean Tatar: Tınç okean
pacific in Tahitian: Moana Pātitifā
pacific in Romanian: Oceanul Pacific
pacific in Quechua: Pasiphiku mama qucha
pacific in Russian: Тихий океан
pacific in Samoan: Vasa Pasefika
pacific in Scots: Paceefic Ocean
pacific in Albanian: Oqeani Paqësor
pacific in Simple English: Pacific Ocean
pacific in Silesian: Uocean Spokojny
pacific in Slovak: Tichý oceán
pacific in Slovenian: Tihi ocean
pacific in Somali: Badweeynta Baasifik
pacific in Serbian: Велики тихи океан
pacific in Serbo-Croatian: Tihi ocean
pacific in Finnish: Tyynimeri
pacific in Swedish: Stilla havet
pacific in Tagalog: Karagatang Pasipiko
pacific in Tamil: பசிபிக் பெருங்கடல்
pacific in Thai: มหาสมุทรแปซิฟิก
pacific in Vietnamese: Thái Bình Dương
pacific in Tajik: Уқёнуси Ором
pacific in Tok Pisin: Pasifik
pacific in Turkish: Büyük Okyanus
pacific in Ukrainian: Тихий океан
pacific in Urdu: بحر الکاہل
pacific in Venetian: Oçeano Pacifico
pacific in Walloon: Oceyan Pacifike
pacific in Wolof: Mbàmbulaan gu Dal
pacific in Wu Chinese: 太平洋
pacific in Yiddish: פאציפישער אקעאן
pacific in Contenese: 太平洋
pacific in Dimli: Okyanuso Gırd
pacific in Samogitian: Ramosis ondenīns
pacific in Chinese: 太平洋

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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